If you have a relevant resource (books, papers, bulletins, etc.) you would like to see announced in this section, please forward a copy for review by the BRIDGES staff to email@example.com. Submissions of publications to ICTSD's documentation centre would also be welcomed (see mailing address below).
FREE TRADE AND THE ENVIRONMENT: THE PICTURE BECOMES CLEARER. NAFTA Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC), December 2002. This report, produced for the tenth anniversary of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), summarises effects of NAFTA on the environment. It outlines the outcome of research carried out, noting that while free trade has brought about advances in technology and management practices that have made positive environmental changes, there are negative links as well, including border communities suffering from more air pollution. However, there is little evidence of a 'race to the bottom,' with differences in environmental regulation not determining where business investments are located. To access the document online visit http://www.cec.org/pubs_docs/documents/index.cfm? varlan=english&ID=977.
Several new reports and case studies developed under the UNCTAD-ICTSD Capacity Building Project on IPRs and Development are now available online. These include drafts of Part I and Part II of the RESOURCE BOOK ON TRIPS AND DEVELOPMENT focusing on: Nature and Obligations, Principles and Objectives; and Substantive Obligations, 2.7 Protection of Undisclosed Information. New case studies are also available. Jerome Reichman and Catherine Hasenzahl have written on Non-Voluntary Licensing of Patented Inventions: The Canadian Experience, and on Development: Non-Voluntary Licensing of Patented Inventions: Historical Perspective, Legal Framework under TRIPS, and an Overview of the Practice in Canada and the United States of America. Graham Dutfield has conducted a case study on Protecting Traditional Knowledge and Folklore: A Review of Progress in Diplomacy and Policy Formulation, while Linsu Kim has written on Technology Transfer and Intellectual Property Rights: Lessons from Korea's Experience. All the reports are available for online at http://www.iprsonline.org/unctadictsd/projectoutputs.htm.
AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN OECD COUNTRIES: A POSITIVE REFORM AGENDA. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), December 2002. This document outlines an agenda for agricultural policy reform in OECD countries. Without making judgements on specific policies in individual countries, or pre-judging negotiations at the WTO or elsewhere, it suggests ways in which agricultural policies in Member countries can further the shared goals agreed to at the OECD Committee for Agriculture at Ministerial Level in 1998. These goals correspond to several areas of consensus among OECD Member government; namely that governments should provide an appropriate framework to ensure that the agrofood sector, inter alia: is responsive to market signals; is further integrated into the multilateral trading system; and provides consumers with access to adequate and reliable supplies of food, which meets their concerns, in particular with regard to safety and quality. The report is available for download at http://www.olis.oecd.org/olis/2002doc.nsf/linkto/com-agr-td-wp(2002)19-final.
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ON THE INTERNET: A SURVEY OF ISSUES. By the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), December 2002. This WIPO survey provides an overview of the impact that digital technologies have had on intellectual property (IP) and the international IP system. The Survey draws on statistical indicators, international studies, and concrete examples, to outline the recent evolution of the Internet and describe how digital networks have become a virtual marketplace for intellectual property. The Survey also explores the impact of the Internet on copyright and related rights, trademarks, and patents, and examines international responses to these challenges and opportunities. It also discusses the question of private international law and the benefits offered by alternative dispute resolution (ADR).A substantial portion of the report covers the role WIPO and the intellectual property rights protection system can play in helping developing countries to build the bridges that enable them to engage in electronic commerce. It provides a status report on the WIPO Digital Agenda, a set of guidelines and goals first outlined by the Director General of WIPO at the September 1999 International Conference on Electronic Commerce and Intellectual Property. The survey is available for download at http://ecommerce.wipo.int/survey/.
EVIDENCE FOR HOPE: THE SEARCH FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. Edited by Nigel Cross, December 2002. Since the Stockholm Environment Conference in 1972 - and amplified by the Earth Summits in Rio in 1992 and in Johannesburg in 2002 - there has been unprecedented public concern for the future of the planet and a growing awareness that development needs to be sustainable. The book charts the growth of these ideas by beginning with a visionary piece written in the 1970's by Barbara Ward, one of the 20th century's most persuasive voices for sustainable development, and ending with a chapter looking a further 30 years into the future. For further information, see: http://www.earthscan.co.uk/asp/bookdetails.asp?key=3826.
TRADE AND SUSTAINABILITY: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR CHINA AS A WTO MEMBER. By David Runnalls, Konrad von Moltke, Wanhua Yang and Ruqiu Ye. IISD, November 2002. This book consists of a collection of essays addressing the implications of China's accession to the World Trade Organization for trade and sustainable development, focusing on: Trade, Environment and Sustainable Development - General Issues; Investment and Sustainable Development; Sectoral Issues; Technology Transfer; The Precautionary Principle and Genetically Modified Organisms; Environmental Measures and Market Access; and Looking to the Future. For more information visit: http://www.iisd.org/publications/publication.asp?pno=486