Publications and resources

10 March 2016

Trade, Finance & Development: Overview of Challenges and Opportunities – E15 – February 2016

This paper reviews recent work, including by the author, on the relationship between geography, institutions, trade, finance, economic growth, and development. It argues that high levels of financial depth, measured by credit as a fraction of GDP, is associated with less, rather than more, economic growth.


Options for Trade, Finance and Development: Getting the Institutions Right – E15 – January 2016

The basic tenet of this policy paper is that economic institutions are the key determinant of economic growth and development, and that policymakers and developing countries’ governments dealing with trade and finance must concentrate on “getting the institutions right.” The paper concludes with a recommendation on measuring progress on these policy options through the construction of an aggregate index of “institutional readiness.”


Post-2015 International Development Agenda in the Context of Interlocking Trade and Financing in the LDCs – E15 – January 2016

The adoption of the ambitious post-2015 agenda centring on the Sustainable Development Goals at the UN in September marks an opportune moment to suggest development policy solutions for the least developed countries (LDCs). The objective of this paper is to explore the compatibility of the financing instruments and modalities mentioned across the major documents of the UN and other international organisations related to the post-2015 agenda with LDCs’ trade interests and concerns.


Trade and Investment Frameworks in Extractive Industries: Challenges and Options– E15 – January 2016

As a contribution to the debate on the international governance of extractive industries, the E15 started by identifying major sustainable development challenges and opportunities in the sector that could be effectively addressed through trade and investment frameworks.


Addressing Barriers to Digital Trade – E15 – December 2015

This paper addresses the question of whether it is possible to balance the need for a free flow of information across borders with legitimate government concerns related to public order, consumer privacy, and security. The authors argue that specific binding trade language promoting cross-border flows—combined with continued international cooperation—will enhance, rather than undermine, public order, national security, and privacy.


National Agricultural Policies, Trade and the New Multilateral Agenda – ICTSD – December 2015

Policies on food and agriculture in a handful of key countries have played a significant role in shaping today’s global farm trade landscape. This note and the following seven country briefs review some of the main factors affecting global trade and markets in this area, as well as analysing the main instruments that countries are using to pursue their underlying policy goals.


Export Restrictions in Relation to Extractive Industries – E15 – November 2015

The use of export restrictions in relation to extractive industries at the multilateral level has gained prominence in the international trade debate in the last few years due to their proliferating use of non-fuel minerals and metals and, to a lesser extent, energy commodities. The paper explores some avenues for improving multilateral disciplines on export restrictions in the direction of greater transparency, predictability, and flexibility.


The Agriculture Negotiations at the World Trade Organization: An update after the Nairobi Ministerial Conference –Tralac – February 2016

The Nairobi Package made some remarkable progress in agriculture even though it did not result in the conclusion of the Doha round of negotiations. This paper reviews the progress made in the negotiations under agriculture from the Uruguay Round Targets under the Doha Development Agenda up to the Nairobi Ministerial Conference (MC10).


How Tech Hubs are Helping to Drive Economic Growth in Africa – World Bank Group – February 2016
This paper tracks some 117 Tech Hubs across Africa, many of which have been created in the last few years, and looks at the patterns of origin by which Tech Hubs are set up, why they have a high failure rate, and what makes for success.


Is the Doha Round Over? The WTO’s Negotiating Agenda for 2016 and Beyond – Cato Institute – February 2016

The World Trade Organization’s (WTO) most recent Ministerial Conference took place last December in Nairobi, Kenya. Opinions vary on how much was achieved, and, perhaps more importantly, where the WTO goes from here. This paper reviews the current WTO negotiating agenda and the Nairobi outcomes, discusses possibilities for new directions, and makes suggestions for the WTO going forward.


Mercosur and Africa: The trading relationships – Tralac – February 2016

South Africa’s economic and trading relationships with fellow BRICs members (Brazil, Russia, India, and China); China’s relationships with Africa; and the integration of Africa into free trade areas have moved to the forefront of public attention. The objective of this paper is to examine the sometimes overlooked profile of trade between the core group of Mercosur and Africa.

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