Publications and resources

11 November 2015

Synergising and Optimising Mineral Infrastructure in Regional Development Strategies – E15 – October 2015

The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential of mineral infrastructures as “anchors” for economic development and cross-border cooperation. It proposes some policy recommendations to make better use of existing frameworks to foster the utilisation of mineral infrastructures. It also points out that in some cases, rules may not be the most appropriate way to stimulate broader economic development out of resource infrastructures.


Consequences of Cartelisation in Primary Commodities: Focus on Natural Rubber and Banana – E15 – October 2015

The paper briefly analyses the economic consequences of export cartels while highlighting the need for international rules. It describes the political economy of the genesis of export cartels and also deals with the different types of exemptions being granted to the export cartels under domestic competition laws.


Trade Preferences for the Least Developed Countries: Opportunities Not Panaceas – E15 – October 2015

The paper suggests that the US should implement a DFQF program for all LDCs that covers as close to 100 percent of products as possible, and more than the minimum 97 percent it promised in Hong Kong. All preference programs for LDCs should make the rules of origin simple to use and flexible in meeting the needs of LDCs, including by incorporating cumulation zones that extend beyond narrow regional groupings to as much of the developing world as possible.


The 2014 US Farm Bill and its Effects on the World Market for Cotton – ICTSD – September 2015

Under the 2014 US Farm Bill, US cotton producers will receive significant subsidies which will have trade-distorting effects irrespective of future cotton prices. At a futures market cotton price of US$ 0.70/lb, US subsidy programmes are likely to suppress artificially the world cotton price by almost 7 percent, and result in about US$3.3 billion of loss for cotton-producing countries around the world, most of which are developing countries.


Industrial Policies in a Changing World: What Prospects for Low Income Countries?  – E15 Initiative – May 2015

This paper focuses on some industrial policies and strategies adopted by Low Income Countries (LICs) and the conditions under which their objectives were achieved (or not). They include Bangladesh’s successes in building up a pharmaceutical industry focusing on affordable generic drugs, and a readymade garments industry that has a large share of the world market, in addition to Ethiopia’s success as an exporter of cut flowers. Looking forward, as the nature of industrialization and trade policies change, it looks at what policies LICs may adopt to catch up with the developed world.


LDC newsletter N° 14 – The inclusive multilateral trading system at stake in Nairobi– IDEAS Centre – Novembre 2015

Although tested and shook, our optimism allows us identifying some small signs of possible outcome in Nairobi. The MC10 will not be a success but there is a little time remaining not to make it a failure. Political will is required to at least ensure that the system can deliver for its poorer members and that the organisation is worth fighting for it. However, one should be careful not to be fooled by the nostalgic atmosphere that surrounds the celebration of the past glory of the WTO. Looking forward rather than backward is more than recommended to prepare Nairobi …


Inclusive Global Value Chains – OECD / The World Bank Group –  Octobre 2015 

This joint OECD and World Bank Group report focuses on the challenge of making GVCs more “inclusive” by overcoming participation constraints for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and facilitating access for Low Income Developing Countries (LIDCs). Results suggest that SME participation in GVCs is mostly taking place through indirect contribution to exports, rather than through exporting directly, and that a holistic approach to trade, investment and national and multilateral policy action is needed to create more inclusive GVCs.


The Trade and Development Report (TDR) 2015: Making the international financial architecture work for development – UNCTAD – October 2015

TDR 2015 identifies some of the critical issues to be addressed in order to establish a more stable and inclusive international monetary and financial system which can support the development challenges over the coming years. It considers existing shortcomings, analyses emerging vulnerabilities and examines proposals and initiatives for reform.


Planning Africa’s Infrastructure in An Uncertain Climate Future – The World Bank – September 2015

Using a comprehensive, broad set of state-of-the-art climate projections, the study examines impacts in Africa’s main river basins (Congo, Nile, Niger, Orange, Senegal, Volta and Zambezi) and across four electricity power pools (Western, Eastern, Central and the Southern Power Pool). The report uses a consistent, comprehensive set of climate projections to evaluate the possible economic impacts of climate change on Africa’s infrastructure.


The Potential of ACP Countries to Participate in Global and Regional Value Chains: A Mapping of Issues and Challenges – SAIIA – September 2015

International trade has changed dramatically since the 1980s. Due to enormous reductions in transportation and communications costs, as well as the worldwide liberalisation of trade in goods and – to a lesser extent – services, production processes have been fragmented while value chains have gone global. Some observers now speak of global production networks.


East Africa: The next hub for apparel sourcing? – Mc Kinsey&Company – August 2015

Africa  has received a great deal of attention thanks to the high publicity around the sourcing activities in East Africa of some of the leading global apparel brands and retailers, and to the expiration and the expected renewal of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), which provides 39 African countries with duty-free access to the US. Within sub-Saharan Africa, East African countries—especially Ethiopia and Kenya, and to a lesser extent Uganda and Tanzania—are of interest to apparel buyers. The governments of both Ethiopia and Kenya are taking steps to develop their domestic textile and garment industries.

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5 November 2015
Several new texts have been circulated in recent weeks in the WTO’s Rules Negotiating Group, even as members of the global trade body tussle over the broader package of possible outcomes for its...
11 November 2015
The US could revoke South Africa eligibility for duty-free treatment for all agricultural goods under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) if the country continues to impose longstanding...