Publications and resources
Aquaculture: Opportunities and Challenges – E15 Initiative – May 2015
This paper focuses on aquaculture as one avenue to mitigate the threats to the world’s fisheries. Still, as a rapidly growing industry, there are unfortunately too many examples where the environmental carrying capacity is exceeded, making the industry economically and environmentally unsustainable. This paper examines the lack of or too lax regulations and poor or non-existent management as the root causes.
Services SMEs in International Trade: Opportunities and Constraints – E15 Initiative – May 2015
This paper explores the vast opportunities for services SMEs to engage in international trade. In a digital economy the additional cost of adding a new customer can be tiny and even start-up services firms can enter international markets. Still, it highlights that although the opportunities are many, the challenges and obstacles are also numerous. These include burdensome regulations and red-tape, as well as significant human and financial resources.
Industrial Policies in a Changing World: What Prospects for Low Income Countries? -- E15 Initiative – May 2015
This paper focuses on some industrial policies and strategies adopted by Low Income Countries (LICs) and the conditions under which their objectives were achieved (or not). They include Bangladesh’s successes in building up a pharmaceutical industry focusing on affordable generic drugs, and a readymade garments industry that has a large share of the world market, in addition to Ethiopia’s success as an exporter of cut flowers. Looking forward, as the nature of industrialization and trade policies change, it looks at what policies LICs may adopt to catch up with the developed world.
Guinea: Company Perspectives – An ITC series on non-tariff measures – ITC – May 2015
This publication examines how Guinea is affected by non-tariff measures following an ITC survey of more than 300 companies which reveals that 95% of them face such obstacles when exporting or importing goods. The survey shows that a large part of trade barriers can be addressed through the simplification and increased transparency of national administrative procedures.
Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa “Navigating Headwinds” – IMF – April 2015
This publication takes a closer look at the economy of sub-Saharan Africa, noting that although it is set to register another year of solid growth, the expansion will be at the lower end of the range registered in recent years. Sustaining strong, diversified, and durable growth remains the key policy priority with emphasis on integration into global value chains, the infrastructure gap and diversification.
WTO Dispute Settlement: One-Page Case Summaries – WTO – April 2015
This new publication from the WTO provides a summary of the key findings of every dispute panel report up to the end of 2014 and, where applicable, the subsequent Appellate Body report. Each summary includes the core facts, key findings and other matters of significance. The disputes are presented in chronological order.
Green Growth in Fisheries and Aquaculture – OECD – April 2015
This report by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) concludes that many parts of the fisheries and aquaculture sectors do not reach their full potential. However, the report also presents policies that could ensure future sustained growth, in the context of the organisation’s Green Growth Strategy. A science-based approach to stock management, combined with a reactive policy development cycle, will be needed to ensure fisheries deliver maximum possible benefits. The report adds that improved regulation to deal with environmental externalities and space competition will be important in the aquaculture sector.
Regional Economic Outlook – International Monetary Fund – April 2015
Sub-Saharan Africa anticipates a pickup in economic growth in 2014 but the region continues to face risks from both external and internal factors, among them slower growth in emerging markets which could impact both export demand and commodity prices. This report analyses the possible impact of global forces on continued growth in sub-Saharan Africa and the policy actions that are needed to address these challenges. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/reo/2014/afr/eng/sreo0414.htm
Monitoring Regional Integration in Southern Africa Yearbook 2013/2014– Trade Law Centre (TRALAC) – April 2015
This annual publication serves as a platform to discuss and present findings on the subject of regional integration and the topics it comprises. Regional and especially economic integration holds potential and strong benefits for Africa. But this is true only if Africa could succeed in identifying a successful formula to counter challenges confronting the project of regional integration.
Africa's Pulse, April 2015– The World Bank – April 2015
This publication contains an analysis of the near-term macro-economic outlook for the region. It also includes a section focusing on a topic that represents a particular development challenges for the continent. It is produced by the Office of the Chief Economist for the Africa Region. This issue is an analysis of issues shaping Africa's economic future. Growth remains stable in Sub-Saharan Africa. Some countries are seeing a slowdown, but the region's economic prospects remain broadly favorable.
Monitoring Regional Integration in Southern Africa Yearbook 2013/2014 – Trade Law Centre (TRALAC) – March 2015
This publication critically examines strengths and weaknesses in the development of southern Africa as a region. It also reveals interesting findings and data about issues confronting the region as it struggles to find its feet in the challenging process of regional integration.
Industrializing through trade:Economic Report on Africa 2015 – United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)– March 2015
This Report examines and provides analysis on the critical elements of effectively fostering industrialization and hence structural transformation based on an extensive review of experience with industrialised countries and Africa’s post-independence attempt at industrialization. Ten country case studies were also conducted to shed light on industrializing through trade. The findings from this exercise informed the policy recommendations contained in this Report.
Understanding Climate Finance for the Paris summit in December 2015 in the Context of Financing for Sustainable Development for the Addis Ababa Conference in July 2015 – CCCEP, GRICCE –March 2015
This paper, authored by Nicholas Stern and published by the Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy and the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, argues that governments should not create a “rigid separation” between their overseas aid for supporting development and tackling climate change. Lord Stern’s paper proposes six priority areas in relation to climate finance for development support including among others, promoting lower carbon infrastructure, energy efficiency measures, and funding adaptation.