If you have a relevant resource (books, papers, bulletins, etc.) you would like to see announced in this section, please forward a copy or review by the BRIDGES staff to Heike Baumüller.
NON-VOLUNTARY LICENSING OF PATENTED INVENTIONS. By Jerome H. Reichman and Catherine Hasenzahl, October 2002. Produced as part of the UNCTAD-ICTSD Capacity Building Project On IPRs And Development. After introducing non-voluntary licensing in its historical context, the paper explains in general terms the approach taken under the TRIPS Agreement (Art. 31) and highlights the main issues. It then provides a brief, comparative overview of non-voluntary licensing in the legal systems of Canada and the United States. The purpose of this paper is to give a first insight, in an historical perspective, into the wide range of possible uses of compulsory licenses as authorized by the TRIPS Agreement.
PROTECTING TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE AND FOLKLORE: A REVIEW OF PROGRESS IN DIPLOMACY AND POLICY FORMULATION. By Graham Dutfield, October 2002. Produced as part of the UNCTAD-ICTSD Capacity Building Project On IPRs And Development. After surveying the relevant inter-governmental forums and negotiations dealing with Traditional knowledge and its relationship to the formal IPR system, and clarifying the terminology, the case study presents a range of proposed systems and measures to protect TK and folklore in the light of ongoing international negotiations taking place at the WTO, WIPO and the Conference of the Parties to the CBD. These proposals include not just those made by governments at these forums but others formulated and suggested by experts and non-governmental organizations.
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS: LESSONS FROM KOREA'S EXPERIENCE. By Linsu Kim, October 2002. Produced as part of the UNCTAD-ICTSD Capacity Building Project On IPRs And Development. This paper first presents four analytical frameworks - technology trajectory, production complexity, absorptive capacity, and technology transfer. These are then assimilated to form an integrative model, which are used to analyse the effect of IPRs on technology transfer to, and local innovation in the Republic of South Korea and by implication other developing countries.
THE WIPO PATENT AGENDA: THE RISKS FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. By Carlos M. Correa of the University of Buenos Aires and Sisule F. Musungu of the South Centre, November 2002. This report argues that the World Intellectual Property Organization's (WIPO) Patent Agenda "has been launched without any analysis of its impact on development" and that, given the objectives of the Patent Agenda, "there is little that developing countries could gain through this far-reaching exercise in international intellectual property [IP] standard setting." The report: 1) gives a brief overview of the "inter-linkages" between IP standard setting at WIPO and at the WTO; 2) provides a historical perspective of the trends in international IP standard setting; and 3) discusses the three "main pillars" that underlie the Patent Agenda process (i.e. the ratification of the Patent Law Treaty, the reform of the Patent Cooperation Treaty, and the ongoing negotiations on a Substantive Patent Law Treaty) as well as reasons why the process generates concern among developing countries.
LES PLANTES GÉNÉTIQUEMENT MODIFIÉES - RAPPORT SUR LA SCIENCE ET LA TECHNOLOGIE N°13. By the French Academy of Sciences, 2002. The report concludes that the current criticisms of genetically modified (GM) crops are scientifically unfounded and calls on the French government to revise its position against the commercial use of GM food. While the report advocates the use of GM crops, it also recognises some legitimate points made by GM critics over access to new products. The report makes a number of suggestions including the development of an international initiative to prevent industrial intellectual property laws from dissuading uses in non-commercial areas that are of general interest.
POLICING INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES: THE CITES TREATY AND COMPLIANCE. By Rosalind Reeve, November 2002. This book presents the first definitive study of the CITES compliance system, a self-policing system which relies heavily on recommended trade suspensions to deal with non-compliance. It concludes that trade suspensions are effective, but identifies several weaknesses in the system. A strategy is advanced to address these weaknesses, drawing on lessons from other international compliance systems, and the potential for conflict between CITES trade restrictions and the WTO is analysed.
THE TRADE IN WILDLIFE: REGULATION FOR CONSERVATION. Edited by Sara Oldfield, December 2002. The book provides a timely and broad-based critical assessment of how international trade in wildlife is currently regulated and how those regulations are enforced. Through analysis of key case studies and a comparative look at the trade in other illegal goods, it highlights the weaknesses in the current system, shows where it is failing and clearly outlines what must be done if conservation efforts are to be supported by trade regulations rather then undermined by them.
EVIDENCE FOR HOPE: THE SEARCH FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. Edited by Nigel Cross, December 2002. Since the Stockholm Environment Conference in 1972 - and amplified by the Earth Summits in Rio in 1992 and in Johannesburg in 2002 - there has been unprecedented public concern for the future of the planet and a growing awareness that development needs to be sustainable. The book charts the growth of these ideas by beginning with a visionary piece written in the 1970's by Barbara Ward, one of the 20th century's most persuasive voices for sustainable development, and ending with a chapter looking a further 30 years into the future.
"FTAA: What's in It for the South?" by Annette Hester in THE ESTEY JOURNAL OF INTNERNATIONAL LAW AND TRADE POLICY 2 (Summer 2002). This paper attempt to make sense of the various arguments for and against an FTAA, particularly focusing on the impacts it could have on the South.