Dan Ciuriak

Director and Principal, Ciuriak Consulting Inc.

Dan Ciuriak is a Canadian economist with wide-ranging interests in trade and economic development, with a particular interest in the interface between law and economics.

Following a 31-year career with Canada’s Department of Finance and Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (from which he retired as Deputy Chief Economist), he has been active in private practice as Director and Principal, Ciuriak Consulting Inc. (Ottawa) and as Associate with BKP Development Research & Consulting GmbH (Munich).

He was recently appointed Fellow in Residence with the C.D. Howe Institute (Toronto) and also participated in the expert panel reviewing industrial policy and the WTO in preparation for the WTO’s 20th anniversary in 2015 in the E15 Initiative sponsored by the International Centre for Sustainable Development and the World Economic Forum.

In his public service career, he had a central role in the technical development of Canada’s major financial institutions reforms of the 1980s and early 1990s as Chief of the Financial Institutions Section at the Department of Finance, in which capacity he chaired the inter-departmental working group that developed drafting instructions for the legal reforms, and held the pen on the policy papers that laid the basis for them.

With Canada’s trade department, he participated in a number of WTO and NAFTA trade disputes, developing the economic arguments in major disputes such as the Article 22.6 arbitrations in Brazil – Aircraft, Canada – Export Credits, and the United States – Continued Dumping and Subsidies Offset Act. In the latter dispute, he served as lead economist for the co-complainants (which included, inter alia, Brazil, Canada, the European Communities, India, Japan, Korea and Mexico), and developed the partial equilibrium model adopted by the Panel to evaluate the nullification and impairment caused by the condemned US measure.

A related interest is in quantifying the impacts of trade agreements. In the latter regard, he served as lead economist for Canada in Joint Studies with Japan and the European Union and co-authored numerous quantitative assessments of prospective trade agreements and more recently of agreements “as negotiated”, including of the Canada-Korea free trade agreement and a project in progress on the Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Partnership, commissioned by the European Commission. These recent studies introduce new methods to translate negotiated text into quantifiable trade impacts based on exact coding of the agreed texts against established indices of trade and investment protection.

He has participated in and led trade-and-development missions in a number of developing countries, including Ethiopia, Mozambique and the Caribbean Community, and is co-author (with Derk Bienen) of a forthcoming African Development Bank study on manufacturing in East Africa. He has published widely; edited or co-edited numerous trade-related publications, including the Trade Policy Research series (2001-2007 & 2010 editions) published by Canada’s Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade and a Guide to International Antidumping Practice (Kluwer Law International, 2013); and served as external referee for publications by the CD Howe Institute, The World Economy, The International Trade Journal, The American Journal of Chinese Studies, The University of British Columbia Law Review, and The African Review of Economics and Finance.  Recent contributions include E-15 posts advocating new approaches to facilitate technology acquisition and accelerated private sector development in developing countries (“Transplanting Economic Development: Don’t Pick Winners, Buy Losers!”) and liberalized rules of origin to promote small business utilization of free trade agreements (“Promoting Small Business Utilisation of Market Access under the Mega-Regionals”, an extended version of which, co-authored with Hanne Melin and Derk Bienen, has recently appeared in Pontes.   


28 August 2018
The progressive shift of economic activity into the digital realm promises to create unprecedented incentives for strategic trade and investment policies. These incentives, in turn, drive already escalating frictions within the trading system. The G20 brings together the main protagonists and can...
9 January 2018
The digital transformation has facilitated old modes of trade and business models and enabled the creation of entirely new ones. This piece suggests a classification of the modes in which trade is conducted as it progressively shifts into the digital or digitally-facilitated realm . The authors...
2 June 2016
Ours is an age of free trade agreements (FTAs) of all sorts and of various depth and breadth in the issues they cover – simple bilateral preferential trade agreements, broad economic partnership agreements, regional trade agreements, customs unions, monetary unions, and single markets. And this...
16 February 2015
Economic development both requires and promotes the acquisition of new capabilities. Countries do not specialise as they develop, they diversify. But this diversification is enabled by the specialisation of individual economic agents – in particular new, formal firms – whose productivity is...
3 November 2014
Since the WTO’s Doha Round stalled, the world has been awash with mega-regional preferential trade negotiations. These agreements will improve market access by lowering tariffs to firms in participating states. But not all firms will gain equal benefits because the improved access, while largely...

Bridges news

28 March 2018
В этой статье предлагается классификация режимов торговли, связанной с цифровой экономикой. На основе анализа регулирования цифровой торговли в рамках региональных торговых соглашений и существующих барьеров в этой сфере авторы статьи делают выводы о перспективах заключения многостороннего...
14 March 2018
O caráter cada vez mais complexo da trama digital e o crescente número de conflitos nessa seara desafiam nossa capacidade de compreensão. Os autores propõem uma taxonomia dos modos de comércio digital, analisam as áreas em que existem conflitos e comparam as táticas utilizadas pelas principais potências digitais.
12 July 2016
Que impactos a convergência regulatória promovida pela TPP pode ter sobre os custos do comércio? Para analisar essa questão, os autores dedicam especial atenção ao Capítulo 25 do acordo, bem como às regras encontradas em instrumentos da OCDE e da APEC.
17 June 2015
Dos movimientos aparentemente contradictorios están permeando la elaboración de políticas económicas globales. El primero es el refinamiento, extensión y arraigo de métodos ortodoxos de elaboración de políticas a través de las negociaciones de los acuerdos megarregionales. [1] Esta ortodoxia –la...
27 February 2015
Embora a Internet tenha ampliado as possibilidades de participação de pequenas empresas no comércio internacional, o regime atual de regras de origem tem operado na direção contrária, elevando os custos de acesso a mercados externos. Com base nesse problema, os autores propõem uma reformulação do sistema de regras de origem no âmbito dos acordos megarregionais.